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Feb 15, 2016 admin

DIABETES MELLITUS

HHH-DIABETES-MELLISTUS

Definition :– disorder in which blood sugar levels are abnormally high because the body does not produce enough insulin or is unable to utilise insulin properly .

Symptoms:

  • Poluria,
  • polydipsia,
  • weight loss,
  • increased hunger,
  • blurred vision,
  • drowsiness,
  • nausea,
  • decreased endurance during exercise

Type I – ketoacidosis –

  • excessive thirst and urination,
  • weight loss,
  • nausea,
  • vomiting,
  • fatigue,
  • abdominal pain (esp. children),
  • deep, rapid breathing,
  • breath smells like nail polish remover

Type II – none (for years)/subtle –

  • mild increased urination and thirst, worsening gradually,
  • extreme fatigue,
  • blurred vision,
  • dehydration
  • If blood sugar levels become extremely high –
  • severe dehydration,
  • mental confusion,
  • drowsiness,
  • seizures,
  • coma

Causes:

  • Insulin-producing cells of the pancreas are destroyed (Type I) by the immune system, due to –
  • viral infection or nutritional factor in youth;
  • genetic predisposition

Resistance to effects of insulin, thus not enough insulin to meet the body’s needs (Type II), due to –

  • obesity,
  • certain diseases,
  • drugs (corticosteroids),
  • pregnancy,
  • excess growth hormone production (acromegaly),
  • hormone-secreting tumours,
  • severe or recurring pancreatitis
  • other diseases that damage the pancreas

Treatment:

Lifestyle Recommendations

  • Eat a low-fat, high-fibre diet, including plenty of raw fruits and vegetables and fresh vegetable juices – reduces the need for insulin and lowers the level of fats in the blood; fibre helps reduce blood sugar surges. For snacks, eat oat or rice bran crackers with nut butter or cheese, legumes, root vegetables and whole grains
  • Regulate complex carbohydrate intake – carbohydrates in high glycaemic foods (white rice, white flour products, pasta, starchy vegetables and many processed foods) cause insulin levels to go up, while those in low glycaemic foods (asparagus, broccoli, cabbage, green beans, and low-starch vegetables and fruits) gradually raise insulin levels
  • Get proteins from vegetable sources such as grains and legumes, fish and low-fat dairy products, and soy (benefits kidney function in type 2 diabetes, and raises HDL cholesterol)
  • Avoid saturated fats, trans-fats, hydrogenated or partly-hydrogenated oils and simple sugars (except when necessary to balance an insulin reaction) – increase risk of diabetes

Supplement Recommendations

  • Alpha-lipoic acid – treats peripheral nerve damage and balances blood sugar
  • Chromium picolinate (400-600 mcg daily) – improves insulin’s efficiency
  • Garlic – decreases and stabilized blood sugar levels; enhances immunity and improves circulation
  • L-Cartinine (500 mg 2x daily, before meals) mobilizes fat, plus L-glutamine (500 mg 2x daily, before meals) – reduces sugar craving, plus taurine (500 mg 2x daily, before meals) – aids in insulin release
  • Vanadium – aids insulin’s ability to move glucose into cells
  • Zinc (50-80 mg daily) – deficiency associated with diabetes

Herbs –

Juniper berries, Fenugreek seeds, ginseng tea – lower blood sugar levels

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